The differences between the left and the right hemispheres of the brain

A team of neuroscientists set out to test this premise. After a two-year analysisthey found no proof that this theory is correct.

The differences between the left and the right hemispheres of the brain

I discovered this recently at a brain-cutting lesson given by Jean-Paul Vonsattel, a neuropathologist at Columbia University. On the day I visited, there were half a dozen brains sitting on a table. Vonsattel began by passing them around so the medical students could take a closer look.

When a brain came my way, I cradled it and found myself puzzling over its mirror symmetry. It was as if someone had glued two smaller brains together to make a bigger one. Vonsattel then showed us just how weak that glue is.

What is the Difference Between the Right Brain and Left Brain? After 22 years as an RN, I now write about medical issues and new medical advances. Diet, exercise, and lifestyle are all important.
ABOUT THE MAGAZINE Share Your Story Some neuroscience researchers believe that the function of the human brain is be best explained by the concept of lateralization, meaning that the right and left hemispheres of the brain perform very different functions, and that the two communicate through their connections.
Left and Right Hemispheres - The Brain Made Simple Language[ edit ] Language functions such as grammar, vocabulary and literal meaning are typically lateralized to the left hemisphere, especially in right handed individuals. Left hemisphere damage has many effects on language production and perception.
Can you see through these real-life optical illusions? The brain is divided into two hemispheres, the right brain and left the brain.

He took back one of the brains and used a knife to divide the hemispheres. He sliced quickly through the corpus callosum, the flat bundle of nerve fibers that connects the halves.

The hemispheres flopped away from each other, two identical slabs of fleshy neurons. Sometimes surgeons must make an even more extreme kind of slice in the brain of a patient. A child may suffer from epilepsy so severe that the only relief doctors can offer is to open up the skull and cut out the entire hemisphere in which the seizures start.

After the surgery, the space soon fills with cerebrospinal fluid. It may take a child a year of physical therapy to recover from losing a hemisphere—but the fact that patients recover at all is stunning when you consider that they have only half a brain.

The differences between the left and the right hemispheres of the brain

It makes you wonder what good two hemispheres are in the first place. In fact, scientists have spent a lot of time pondering this very question. Their best answer has a lot to do with the form and evolutionary history of our bodies.

From early in our development as embryos, humans take on a left-right symmetry that eventually gives rise to our two eyes, our two big toes, and every paired structure in between.

All vertebrates are symmetrical in the same way, as are butterflies, scorpions, and a vast number of other invertebrates. There were some obvious survival benefits from left-right symmetry. With muscles and limbs on both sides of their bodies, animals could move forward quickly and efficiently.

Once established, symmetry had a powerful effect on how new organs evolved. Eyes and antennae tended to develop in left-right pairs, for example.

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When early fish began to evolve complex brains, those too developed according to left-right rules. The human brain is very different from the brain of a lamprey, but in both species the neocortex—the outer layers of the brain—is divided into two mirror-image hemispheres.

Of course, our bodies are not perfectly symmetrical heart on the left, appendix on the rightand neither are our brains.The human brain is very different from the brain of a lamprey, but in both species the neocortex—the outer layers of the brain—is divided into two mirror-image hemispheres.

Of course, our bodies are not perfectly symmetrical (heart on the left, appendix on the right), and neither are our brains. There are differences between the hemispheres though, right?

Yes. You might not have a more dominant half, but your brain really is split into two hemispheres, left and right. And the left and right hemispheres are not the same.

They are highly similar and redundant, though.

DEPARTMENTS

The left brain is concerned with language, number skills, reasoning, scientific skills, spoken language and right hand control. The right brain is concerned with art awareness,imagination,visual functions,emotions, music awareness, 3D forms and left hand control.

Our right and left hemispheres control the ‘opposite’ side of our bodies, so the right hemisphere controls our left side and processes what we see in our left eye while the left hemisphere controls the right side and processes what our right eye sees. There are differences between the hemispheres though, right?

Yes. You might not have a more dominant half, but your brain really is split into two hemispheres, left and right. There are cellular differences as well. The cerebral cortex in the left hemisphere has a slightly different composition than the right. In the left, cortical columns are more spaced out, pyramidal cells have larger cell bodies, and there is somewhat different dendritic arborhizations (branching).

Left Brain vs. Right Brain Test, Differences, Characteristics & Function