Official definitions[ edit ] Old age comprises "the later part of life; the period of life after youth and middle age. At the same time, the WHO recognized that the developing world often defines old age, not by years, but by new roles, loss of previous roles, or inability to make active contributions to society. Being 60—65 years old is usually a requirement for becoming eligible for senior social programs.
While this definition is somewhat arbitrary, it is many times associated with the age at which one can begin to receive pension benefits. Although there are commonly used definitions of old age, there is The definition of an old age general agreement on the age at which a person becomes old.
The common use of a calendar age to mark the threshold of old age assumes equivalence with biological age, yet at the same time, it is generally accepted that these two are not necessarily synonymous.
As far back asin Britain, the Friendly Societies Act, enacted the definition of old age as, "any age after 50", yet pension schemes mostly used age 60 or 65 years for eligibility.
Realistically, if a definition in Africa is to be developed, it should be either 50 or 55 years of age, but even this is somewhat arbitrary and introduces additional problems of data comparability across nations. Adding to the difficulty of establishing a definition, actual birth dates are quite often unknown because many individuals in Africa do not have an official record of their birth date.
In addition, chronological or "official" definitions of ageing can differ widely from traditional or community definitions of when a person is older. We will follow the lead of the developed worlds, for better or worse, and use the pensionable age limit often used by governments to set a standard for the definition.
Lacking an accepted and acceptable definition, in many instances the age at which a person became eligible for statutory and occupational retirement pensions has become the default definition. Defining old "The ageing process is of course a biological reality which has its own dynamic, largely beyond human control.
However, it is also subject to the constructions by which each society makes sense of old age. In the developed world, chronological time plays a paramount role.
The age of 60 or 65, roughly equivalent to retirement ages in most developed countries, is said to be the beginning of old age. In many parts of the developing world, chronological time has little or no importance in the meaning of old age.
Other socially constructed meanings of age are more significant such as the roles assigned to older people; in some cases it is the loss of roles accompanying physical decline which is significant in defining old age. Thus, in contrast to the chronological milestones which mark life stages in the developed world, old age in many developing countries is seen to begin at the point when active contribution is no longer possible.
Many times the definition is linked to the retirement age, which in some instances, was lower for women than men. This transition in livelihood became the basis for the definition of old age which occurred between the ages of 45 and 55 years for women and between the ages of 55 and 75 years for men.
The MDS Project collaborators agreed at the Harare MDS Workshop to use the chronological age of 60 years as a guide for the working definition of "old"; however, this definition was revisited during this meeting.
Many felt this definition was not taking into account the real situation of older persons in developing countries, specifically in sub-Saharan Africa.
Hence, upon further deliberation and discussion during the Dar es Salaam MDS Meeting, the working definition of "older" or "old" for the purposes of this project was changed to the age of 50 years.
It is acknowledged that this is also somewhat arbitrary and introduces additional problems of data comparability across nations, but it is believed to be a better representation of the realistic working definition in Africa.
A brief summary, mainly to reflect the implications for ageing policy, of the reasons behind the decision to use this definition follows. A full description is beyond the scope of this report, but will instead be presented in a forthcoming publication.
Categories of definitions When attention was drawn to older populations in many developing countries, the definition of old age many times followed the same path as that in more developed countries, that is, the government sets the definition by stating a retirement age.
Considering that a majority of old persons in sub-Saharan Africa live in rural areas and work outside the formal sector, and thus expect no formal retirement or retirement benefits, this imported logic seems quite illogical.Examples from the Web for old age Contemporary Examples The day when we have to come to some sort of reckoning with our old-age entitlements is rapidly approaching.
The Definition Of Old Age.
June 12, by John van Zyl 9 Comments. If you’re over 50, I’m talking to you. When we hit ‘oh my god I’m 50’ we supposedly hit the invisible ‘old age’ line.
(it’s a bit like the international date line, when you cross it heading east, it starts to get dark, real fast). English Language Learners Definition of age-old: very old: having existed for a very long time See the full definition for age-old in the English Language Learners Dictionary. old age An age in years of a particular individual which reaches or surpasses the average life span of human being.
Old age may be regarded as an legitimate cause of death in the UK for a person over the age of 80, when no significant pathology or cause of death can be found after a thoroughly investigated postmortem examination.
As far back as , in Britain, the Friendly Societies Act, enacted the definition of old age as, "any age after 50", yet pension schemes mostly used age 60 or 65 years for eligibility. (Roebuck, ). Old age refers to ages nearing or surpassing the life expectancy of human beings, and is thus the end of the human life cycle.