Smaller classes, higher achievement and narrowing the opportunity gap Baker, B. Although it is certainly plausible that other uses of the same money might be equally or even more effective, there is little evidence to support this … Smaller class sizes and reduced total student loads are a relevant working condition simultaneously influencing teacher recruitment and retention ; that is, providing smaller classes may partly offset the need for higher wages for recruiting or retaining teachers.
Issues to Consider Class Size: Issues to Consider How important is class size? The answer may surprise you. Print article What are the Benefits of Small Classes? Most studies show academic achievement and test score gains are greatest when there are classes of less than 30 students in grades K-3 and the greatest gains have been in reading and math.
Students who are economically disadvantaged seem to benefit the most. Small classes seem to have less of an effect on achievement levels in the higher grades.
Small classes do have a positive effect on student attitudes and tend to improve classroom management as well as teacher morale. A Gates Foundation study in which high school dropouts were surveyed found that most students said they would have been more likely to stay in school if they had had small classes, better teachers and more relevant instruction.
While small classes generally provide greater attention to students, there can be unintended consequences.
When California mandated class size reduction in grades K-3 inschools needed to hire more teachers and many were forced to hire less experienced teachers, or teachers without full credentials, to meet the demand. Many districts had to add portable classrooms or build new schools to accommodate the small classes — a cost they were not prepared for.
Making classes smaller came at a high cost, and hampered school districts from funding other educational needs.
In Florida invoters approved legislation to reduce class size and these smaller classes must be phased in by It is unclear what effect this expense will have on the other education needs in the state.
Different states define student-teacher ratio in different ways for example, teachers only, all certified staff, all certified and non-certified staff. The student-teacher ratio often includes specialist teachers such as music, art, physical education and special education teachers, while the average class size generally only includes regular classroom teachers.
In the United States, the average difference between class size and student-teacher ratio is about 10 students in public elementary schools. For example, an elementary school with a student-teacher ratio of 14 in K-3 would have an average class size of 24 students. Numbers can be deceiving.
While a school may have an average class size of 20, or a student-teacher ratio of How Important is Class Size? Class size is just one factor to consider when evaluating your school. Keep in mind these other factors: Do the teachers work in grade-level teams? Do more experienced teachers mentor the newer teachers?
Do the teachers have the opportunity to learn from each other and from experts in their field? This term refers to the number of students a teacher is responsible for each day.
This is important to consider, particularly in high school, where it makes sense for teachers in language arts classes to have a smaller student load than teachers in math and science. An English teacher who has a student load of is less likely to assign and correct papers than a teacher with a student load of A math teacher, on the other hand, could successfully handle a student load of or more students.
By effectively using these adults, schools can improve morale for teachers and provide the necessary attention for students.
Be aware that these additional adults, who may play a vital role in the classroom, are generally not included in class size and student-teacher ratio statistics.
Ask at your school how partner teachers, teacher aides and volunteers are employed in the classroom. School size may be as important as class size in influencing student behavior, especially in the upper grades.A smaller student-to-teacher ratio in the classroom may make the job of teaching easier, but does it improve student learning?
A solid research study that truly measured the value of class size had not been conducted until Tennessee’s Project STAR in Professional development is key to enhancing the effects of smaller class size.
•!32(r) is the student discouragement rate, a function of the student-teacher ratio. • A2(r) is the student encouragement rate, a function of the student-teacher ratio. • 52 is the student reluctance rate, the rate at which discouraged students become reluc.
Class Size and the Effect on Student Performance There are many factors that have an influence on the educational process and effect student performance in the public school system.
One factor of specific concern is the student-to-teacher ratio in the classroom. On the student ratings form, students rate their progress on the same 12 objectives, the frequency of 20 teaching methods, and various course, teacher, and student characteristics.
They also provide an overall rating of the course, instructor, and their attitudes toward the field of study. Class Size Reduction Research. Essentially, decreasing the student teacher ratio by 1 percentage point would increase the percentage of students proﬁcient on the TAKS by 3% for reading and by 4% for math (p54).” and racial disparity between teacher and student has no significant effect.
Class Size Reduction Research. A somewhat shorter version of this bibliography can be decreasing the student teacher ratio by 1 percentage point would increase the percentage of students proﬁcient on the TAKS by 3% for reading and by 4% for math (p54).” and racial disparity between teacher and student has no significant effect.