The word evokes images of football, family reunions, roasted turkey with stuffing, pumpkin pie and, of course, the Pilgrims and Wampanoag, the acknowledged founders of the feast.
In a group of Pilgrims left England for the religious Pilgrims first thanksgiving in Holland where they lived and prospered. After a few years their children were speaking Dutch and had become attached to the dutch way of life. This worried the Pilgrims. So they decided to leave Holland and travel to the New World.
Their trip was financed by a group of English investors, the Merchant Adventurers. It was agreed that the Pilgrims would be given passage and supplies in exchange for their working for their backers for 7 years.
Since there was the danger of fire on the wooden ship, the food had to be eaten cold. Many passengers became sick and one person died by the time land was Pilgrims first thanksgiving on November 10th.
After land was sighted a meeting was held and an agreement was worked out, called the Mayflower Compact, which guaranteed equality and unified the two groups. It was there that the Pilgrims decide to settle.
Plymouth offered an excellent harbor. A large brook offered a resource for fish. The Pilgrims biggest concern was attack by the local Native American Indians.
But the Patuxets were a peaceful group and did not prove to be a threat. The first winter was devastating to the Pilgrims. The cold, snow and sleet was exceptionally heavy, interfering with the workers as they tried to construct their settlement.
March brought warmer weather and the health of the Pilgrims improved, but many had died during the long winter. Of the Pilgrims and crew who left England, less that 50 survived the first winter. On March 16,what was to become an important event took place, an Indian brave walked into the Plymouth settlement.
His name was Samoset and he was an Abnaki Indian. He had learned English from the captains of fishing boats that had sailed off the coast. After staying the night Samoset left the next day. He soon returned with another Indian named Squanto who spoke better English than Samoset. Squanto told the Pilgrims of his voyages across the ocean and his visits to England and Spain.
It was in England where he had learned English. It was Squanto who taught the Pilgrims how to tap the maple trees for sap. He taught them which plants were poisonous and which had medicinal powers.
He taught them how to plant the Indian corn by heaping the earth into low mounds with several seeds and fish in each mound. The decaying fish fertilized the corn. He also taught them to plant other crops with the corn.
The harvest in October was very successful and the Pilgrims found themselves with enough food to put away for the winter. There was corn, fruits and vegetables, fish to be packed in salt, and meat to be cured over smoky fires.
The Pilgrims had much to celebrate, they had built homes in the wilderness, they had raised enough crops to keep them alive during the long coming winter, they were at peace with their Indian neighbors. They had beaten the odds and it was time to celebrate. The Pilgrim Governor William Bradford proclaimed a day of thanksgiving to be shared by all the colonists and the neighboring Native Americans.
They invited Squanto and the other Indians to join them in their celebration.The first Thanksgiving was a harvest celebration held by the pilgrims of Plymouth colony in the 17th century..
Many myths surround the first Thanksgiving. Very little is actually known about the event because only two firsthand accounts of the feast were ever written.
Sing 'The First Thanksgiving' The First Thanksgiving (Tune:The Muffin Man) The Pilgrims came to America America, America. The Pilgrims came to America a long, long time ago. They sailed on the Mayflower the Mayflower, the Mayflower. They sailed on the Mayflower a long, long time ago.
They made friends with the Indians The Indians, the Indians. The Pilgrims did not call this harvest festival a "Thanksgiving," although they did give thanks to God. To them, a Day of Thanksgiving was purely religious. The first recorded religious Day of Thanksgiving was held in in response to a providential rainfall.
Thanksgiving Each year on the fourth Thursday in November, Americans gather for a day of feasting, football and family. While today’s Thanksgiving celebrations would likely be unrecognizable to attendees of the original harvest meal, it continues to be a day for Americans to come together around the table—albeit with some updates to pilgrim’s menu.
Nov 18, · Turkey or no turkey, the first Thanksgiving’s attendees almost certainly got their fill of meat. Winslow wrote that the Wampanoag guests arrived with an offering of five deer. After , representations of the Pilgrims and the Wampanoag began to reflect a shift of interest to the harvest celebration.
By the beginning of the 20th century, the Pilgrims and the Thanksgiving holiday were used to teach children about American freedom and how to be good citizens.