Jay Inslee, Governor of Washington Goal:
Now, a decade later, there are The Southern Residents live or die based on Chinook salmon abundance.
These samples literally are on ice waiting to be processed. These improvements were expected to lead to Snake River salmon recovery. Breaching will recover wild stock because it will expand spawning habitat and will reduce the density dependence that is limiting recovery potential.
The cost now on a structural improvement is roughly five times more than estimated in the LSR Feasibility Study. These costs would be eliminated with dam breaching. In the Columbia Fish Mitigation Program sunsets.
This is what pays for the improvements. This is not recovery. This year the Snake River has become a killing field for the larger than average salmon runs that are returning to spawn. The dams impede passage of salmon and steelhead between their spawning and rearing habitat and the Pacific Ocean.
The dams have inundated Snake River fall Chinook salmon spawning habitat. The dams have disrupted the free flowing Snake River and turned it into a series of slack water reservoirs. Snake River slack water reservoirs are deadly to salmon and steelhead. Slack water reservoirs slow smolt migration to the ocean.
Slack water reservoirs cause water temperatures to rise to lethal levels for salmon and steelhead. The four Snake River dams can add 6 to 12 degrees Fahrenheit to water temperatures. The high water temperatures caused by drought, climate change and dams have been catastrophic to migrating fish in Since the reservoirs are ideal for salmon predators, they allow increased predation on salmon and steelhead by both native and non-native predators.
The reservoirs increase disease both by degrading the water quality and increasing its temperature. Slack water reservoirs interfere with smolt navigation and physical development.
Instead, hatchery fish compete with wild salmon and impair genetic diversity in both wild and hatchery fish. Barging and trucking salmon around the dams have not restored salmon and steelhead runs.
This unnatural transporting interferes with smoltification, and with adult navigation in returning to spawn. Smoltification is the complex transformation that involves physiological, biochemical, morphological, and behavioral changes, that juvenile salmon undergo to transition from living in freshwater to living in saltwater.
The design of the dams causes hydraulic action that creates eddies strong enough to trap smolts migrating down river. This makes them easy prey for predators. Severe reductions in commercial and sport fishing have not stopped the salmon and steelhead decline.
The federal agencies have spent hundreds of millions of taxpayer dollars to improve fish passage through, over and around the dams. None of this has worked to recover salmon and steelhead runs on the Snake River.
Methane is about 35 times as potent a greenhouse gas as carbon dioxide over the span of a century. If the dams are removed, the energy produced by the dams does not need to be replaced.
Even if hydropower from the Snake River dams did need to be replaced, it has been replaced more than twice over by wind energy. Wind energy is greener than hydropower, since it does not destroy entire watersheds.
At times of high river flows, energy oversupply is a costly problem. Ratepayers ultimately paid for this.
Since April 8, all container shipping on the Snake ceased when the last two container shipping lines, Hanjin and Hapag-Lloyd pulled out of the Port of Portland.
Bulk shipping has been declining for 20 years and is being replaced by rail. If the dams are breached, irrigation intake pipes can be extended to the river. Presidential executive action is legal, feasible and practical The dams are harmful and costly.
Breaching is not complicated It can be done through channel bypass by removing part of the earthen berms adjacent to the concrete structures. Structures can remain in place. A congressional appropriation to breach the dams is not needed Dam breaching can be paid for through fish mitigation credits.On Tuesday, a killer whale calf was born.
And on that same Tuesday, it died. Since the death of her calf, the mother, named J35, has been carrying the body around the Puget Sound area, as though.
Jun 20, · Changes in numbers of seals since the s were associated with a 74% decrease (95% CI: 85%, %) in maximum sustainable yield in Chinook stocks. In contrast, hatchery releases were significantly correlated with Chinook productivity in only one of 20 populations.
The Southern Residents live or die based on Chinook salmon abundance. Approximately 80% of their diet is Chinook salmon. Within the United States, the Columbia/Snake River watershed is the most important source of salmon for Southern Resident orcas.
There are three main causes for their decreasing numbers: starvation, water contamination, and underwater noise. Overfishing of Chinook salmon has reduced the orcas’ primary food source, requiring them to travel farther for less food.
Chinook Salmon; Chum Salmon; Health authorities currently recommend an intake of at least two oily fish meals per week for the general population which equates to approximately mg per day of eicosapentaenoic acid and docosahexaenoic acid [two key omega-3 fatty acids].
there are plenty of methods for how to cook salmon and enjoy it. Man as the Main Cause on the Decreasing Pupolation of Chinook Salmon.
words. 3 pages. What Can You Learn from a Persons Car. words. 3 pages. A Look at the Sociocultural Evolution Theory Proposed by Jean and Gerhard Lenski.
words. 2 pages. An Analysis of Leadership and Motivation. 1, words. 5 pages.