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As Hacker herself says, these patterns are "sometimes called methods of development. Some of these rhetorical modes do imply basic patterns for organizing information.
Organization is also imposed by definition [narrowing groups of meanings, from the broad class to which the term belongs, to the narrower groups, to the individual distinguishing characteristics], and in most narration [this happened, then this happened, then this happened].
Principles of Organization I think you can develop a more flexible sense of organization if you also look at some patterns that are more exclusively patterns or principles of organization. You should understand, though, that these four broad principles have many variations, that they sometimes overlap with patterns of development or exposition, and that good writing sometimes combines different methods.
Chronological Order order of Time In chronological order or time order, items, events, or even ideas are arranged in the order in which they occur. This pattern is marked by such transitions as next, then, the following morning, a few hours later, still later, that Wednesday, by noon, when she was seventeen, before the sun rose, that April, and so on.
Chronological order can suit different rhetorical modes or patterns of exposition. It naturally fits in narration, because when we tell a story, we usually follow the order in which events occur. Chronological order applies to process in the same way, because when we describe or explain how something happens or works, we usually follow the order in which the events occur.
But chronological order may also apply to example, description, or parts of any other pattern of exposition. Spatial Order Another principle of organization is spatial order. In this pattern, items are arranged according to their physical position or relationships.
In describing a shelf or desk, I might describe items on the left first, then move gradually toward the right. Describing a room, I might start with what I see as I enter the door, then what I see as I step to the middle of the room, and finally the far side.
In explaining some political or social problem, I might discuss first the concerns of the East Coast, then those of the Midwest, then those of the West Coast.
Describing a person, I might start at the feet and move up to the head, or just the other way around. This pattern might use such transitions as just to the right, a little further on, to the south of Memphis, a few feet behind, in New Mexico, turning left on the pathway, and so on.
Spatial order is pretty common in description, but can also apply to examples, to some comparisons, some classifications [the southern species of this bird. Climactic Order Order of Importance A third common principle of organization is climactic order or order of importance.
In this pattern, items are arranged from least important to most important.
Typical transitions would include more important, most difficult, still harder, by far the most expensive, even more damaging, worse yet, and so on. A variation of climactic order is called psychological order. This pattern or organization grows from our learning that readers or listeners usually give most attention to what comes at the beginning and the end, and least attention to what is in the middle.
In this pattern, then, you decide what is most important and put it at the beginning or the end; next you choose what is second most important and put it at the end or the beginning whichever remains ; the less important or powerful items are then arranged in the middle.
If the order of importance followed 1, 2, 3, 4, 5, with 5 being most important, psychological order might follow the order 4, 3, 1, 2, 5. Still other principles of organization based on emphasis include general-to-specific order.A student writing an essay on her academic growth, for example, might write as a thesis, "Through my work on my final research paper, I've learned how to do stronger research and use an objective voice, but I still need to work on structure and transitions." Specific details and anecdotes from the experience will help to clearly demonstrate.
Descriptive essay example If you are having problems with writing of a descriptive essay you should certainly look for a descriptive essay example (or even maybe several examples).Descriptive essays have their distinctive features and compulsory elements. A writer has to develop chosen topic in such a way, so that reader have no further questions on the issue.
The writer follows this “attention-grabber” with specific examples of earning and spending money.
Compare how the specific details of the second example paint a better picture for the reader about what the writer learned about money as a child, rather than this general statement: “As a child, I used math to run a lemonade stand.”.
What Does an Essay Look Like? • 1st general example o Specific details to support example paragraph, and you (the writer) know what it is you should be writing about. Good paragraphs also contain plenty of details, examples, and evidence that prove the topic sentence.
In order to express exactly what you mean, such. Hire an essay writer to write college and university papers for you, with details of what to expect from a good one. The best essay writing service must ensure that the particular or specific question posed in the assignment or task is answered.
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