Disasters[ edit ] Natural: The Valdivia earthquakealso known as the Great Chilean earthquake, is to date the most powerful earthquake ever recorded, rating 9. The main tsunami raced across the Pacific Ocean and devastated Hilo, Hawaii. Gulf Coast, especially in the state of Louisiana.
The causes of the French Revolution were many: Starting as a movement for government reforms, the French Revolution rapidly turned radical and violent, leading to the abolition of the monarchy and execution of King Louis XVI. Though the monarchy was eventually restored, the French Revolution changed France and the rest of Europe forever.
It inspired a number of revolutionary movements of the nineteenth and early twentieth centuries that made the final end to institutions such as absolutism, feudalism, class privilege and legal inequality, and spread the principles of natural right, equality and freedom throughout the world.
There were three classes represented by the Estates General: Each estate had only one vote.
As a result, the nobility and clergy could always overrule the Third Estate. Fearing they would be forced to bear the burden of the financial crisis, the members of the Third Estate decided to form their own National Assembly.
After being locked out of the meeting of the Estates General, they moved to an indoor tennis court where they pledged the so-called Tennis Court Oath, vowing to remain there until a new constitution had been written. Fall of the Bastille On July 14,an angry crowd marched on the Bastille, a medieval fortress in east Paris that was mostly housing political prisoners.
Angry, unemployed and hungry Parisians saw it as a place to vent their frustrations. The commander of the Bastille, Marquis de Launay and his troops resisted for a few hours before they surrendered to the mob. After learning about the fall of the Bastille, King Louis XVI withdrew the royal troops from the French capital and recalled finance minister Jacques Necker whom he dismissed just three days earlier.
However, he could no longer reverse the Revolution, while the National Assembly from July 9 formally called the National Constituent Assembly became de facto the French government. March on Versailles Many people in Paris and the rest of France were hungry, unemployed and restless.
In October, a large crowd of protesters, mostly women, marched from Paris to the Palace of Versailles, convinced that the royal family and nobility there lived in luxury, oblivious to the hardships of the French people.
They broke into the quarters of Queen Marie Antoinette who as an Austrian was particularly despised. Louis conceded to their demands and agreed to go to Paris with the mob, believing it would only be a temporary inconvenience.
The King would have veto power but the National Assembly could overrule his veto.
They also felt like prisoners in their Tuileries Palace in Paris. They decided to leave France and seek refuge in Austria, hoping to eventually be reinstated on the throne as absolute monarchs.
Before leaving, Louis wrote a manifesto denouncing the Revolution. On June 20,the royal family quietly left Paris. They managed to get within a few miles of the border before being recognized in the town of Varennes and forced to go back.
The incident was devastating for the National Assembly. Now they had to deal with a monarch who was against the constitution and very unpopular with the people. Dissolution of the National Assembly The long awaited constitution finally came into effect on September 30, France was proclaimed a constitutional monarchy, while the National Assembly was dissolved and replaced by a new political body named the Legislative Assembly.
No member of the National Assembly was elected to the new legislative body as it was agreed earlier that the members of the National Assembly would not be allowed to hold a seat in the new parliament.
With the rallying cries of 'Liberty, Equality, Fraternity', the French Revolution, which began in and lasted up to , was a time of great . This French Revolution tour in Paris, led by a historian, retraces the events of the revolution at such sites throughout Paris as the Bastille and Palais Royal.5/5. The Age of Revolution took place between , and was characterized by major revolutions (mostly in Europe and America) that profoundly impacted the course of modern history.
The result was the loss of everyone with valuable political experience. The Legislative Assembly was composed of various political factions, ranging from moderate royalists to radical republicans.
War The issue of war dominated the debate in the new Legislative Assembly. Tensions with the rest of Europe continued to rise. Revolutionary France was viewed with both fear and anger by the European monarchies, especially by the neighboring Austrian monarchy.
In France, the support for war was growing as well. Louis XVI and hard line monarchists wanted war because they believed that foreign armies would easily overthrow the new government.
The revolutionaries, on the other hand, pushed for war because they thought it would unify the nation and spread the ideas of the Revolution to the rest of Europe. On April 20,France declared war on Austria. Attack on the Tuileries Palace In spring and summer ofthe French government found itself in a very difficult situation.
The Austrian army and its Prussian allies started advancing into the French territory. Economic stagnation continued throughout the country.A wave of senseless panic that spread through the French countryside after the storming of the Bastille in Declaration of the Rights of Man Statement of fundamental political rights adopted by the French National Assembly at the beginning of .
British Reactions to the French Revolution on British thinking and, in particular, British Romanticism. As Professor Cody’s brief overview of the impact of the French Revolution makes clear, the events of and the events immediately Some critics of Coleridge and Wordsworth have characterized their development of Romanticism, with.
In this lesson, we explore the phase of the French Revolution popularly known as the Reign of Terror, a year-long period where thousands of French men and women lost their lives.
To learn more about this topic, review the accompanying lesson on Events of the French Revolution. This lesson covers the following objectives: .
The legislative branch of the French government prior to the French Revolution; it could meet only with permission from the king (May 5th, ) Vote by Order.
When each estate received one vote; this was favored by the First and Second Estates. Vote by Head.
An Overview of the Events That Characterized the French Revolution PAGES 2. WORDS 1, View Full Essay. More essays like this: french revolution, napoleon reign, third estate, louis Not sure what I'd do without @Kibin - Alfredo Alvarez, student @ Miami University. Exactly what I needed. Overview. The Enlightenment was a sprawling intellectual, philosophical, cultural, and social movement that spread through England, France, Germany, and other parts of Europe during the s. Like the July Revolution of , the February Revolution of reverberated throughout Europe, resulting in a series of revolutions, most powerfully in Germany and Vienna. In Britain, the French upheaval revived the Chartist Movement.
The United States, in the middle of a social revolution, led the world in LGBT rights in the late s and early s. Inspired by the civil-rights movement and the women's movement, early gay-rights pioneers had begun, by the s, to build a movement.