He cannot escape that legacy — for he left an indelible record of his deeds in a treasure trove of tapes and papers that continue to fascinate us with revelations.
American TV programs, like American popular culture in general in the 20th and early 21st centuries, have spread far beyond the boundaries of the United States and have had a pervasive influence on global popular culture.
Radio in its early days was perceived as a technological wonder rather than a medium of cultural significance. The public quickly adjusted to radio broadcasting and either enjoyed its many programs or turned them off. Television, however, prompted a tendency to criticize and evaluate rather than a simple on-off response.
One aspect of early television that can never be recaptured is the combined sense of astonishment and glamour that greeted the medium during its infancy.
At the midpoint of the 20th century, the public was properly agog about being able to see and hear actual events that were happening across town or hundreds of miles away. Relatively few people had sets in their homes, but popular fascination with TV was so pronounced that crowds would gather on the sidewalks in front of stores that displayed a working television set or two.
The same thing happened in the typical tavern, where a set behind the bar virtually guaranteed a full house.
Sports events that might attract a crowd of 30, or 40, suddenly, with the addition of TV cameras, had audiences numbering in the millions. All were superseded by this one cultural juggernaut.
The s was a time of remarkable achievement in television, but this was not the case for the entire medium. Consequently, television drew chiefly on a talent pool of individuals who had not achieved success in the more popular media and on the young and inexperienced who were years from reaching their potential.
Nevertheless, the new medium ultimately proved so fascinating a technical novelty that in the early stages of its development the quality of its content seemed almost not to matter.
Fortunately, the dearth of talent was short-lived. Although it would take at least another decade before areas such as news and sports coverage approached their potential, more than enough excellence in the categories of comedy and drama emerged in the s to deserve the attention of discriminating viewers.
They are the most fondly remembered of the Golden Age genres for both emotional and intellectual reasons.
The comedies of the era are remembered for the same reason that comedy itself endures: On some evenings, a network might not offer any programs at all, and it was rare for any network to broadcast a full complement of shows during the entire period that became known as prime time 8—11 pm, Eastern Standard Time.
Sales of television sets were low, so, even if programs had been available, their potential audience was limited.
To encourage sales, daytime sports broadcasts were scheduled on weekends in an effort to lure heads of households to purchase sets they saw demonstrated in local appliance stores and taverns—the venues where most TV viewing in America took place before By autumn of that year, most of the evening schedules on all four networks had been filled, and sets began appearing in more and more living rooms, a phenomenon many credited to comedian Milton Berle.
Public Domain video Television was still in its experimental stage inand radio remained the number one broadcast medium in terms of profits, audience size, and respectability.
Most of the big stars of radio— Jack BennyBob Hopeand the team of George Burns and Gracie Allenfor example—were at first reluctant to risk their substantial careers on an upstart medium like television. Berle, on the other hand, had not had much success on the radio and had little to lose by trying his luck with TV.
The reluctant stars would, of course, soon follow his lead. George Burns and Gracie Allen, Voting age All through the '60s, political awareness was seen as a civic duty.
In theory, all American men over 21 had the right to vote after Actually, it took multiple laws in the '50s and '60s, plus a constitutional amendment in '64, to remove barriers for black voters.
During the first half of the s, the United States would expand the war to the neighboring countries of Laos and Cambodia before signing the Paris Peace Treaty, "officially" ending American involvement.
The s Summary & Analysis. BACK; NEXT ; Creating a New America. During the s, students across America rose up to demand reform. On campuses from Berkeley to New York, they demanded desegregation, unrestricted free speech, and withdrawal from the war in Vietnam.
Highly idealistic and inspired by periodic successes, the students believed they were creating a new America. In the two decades before Nixon took office, a liberal Democratic coalition dominated presidential politics, and American foreign policy was marked by large-scale military interventions; in the two decades after, a conservative Republican coalition dominated presidential politics, and direct military intervention was by and large replaced with aid (sometimes covert, sometimes not) to allied forces.
Television in the United States, the body of television programming created and broadcast in the United States. American TV programs, like American popular culture in general in the 20th and early 21st centuries, have spread far beyond the boundaries of the United States and have had a pervasive influence on global popular culture.
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